When you go shopping for supplies, are you confused when it comes to choosing brushes? I know I was, There were so many types and styles.I first got started with private lessons in the early 90s (as a teenager) and a lot of what I was told about brushes kind of went over my head – at first.
But that was a long time ago, however I still retained the knowledge I had to understand and identify different brushes, what each type does and what its best for, as well as the issue of choosing brushes based on what kind of bristle hair. So without further ado let’s dive in to the nitty gritty of brushes.
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Let’s start with the anatomy of a brush up close:
The anatomy of an artist brush is as follows:
Handle – Can be wood or plastic. Most of the ones I own are wood with an outer casing.
Crimp – The part where the ferrule is secured to the handle
Ferrule – The metal part that holds the bristles together
Bristles – Can be synthetic or animal hair
As a general rule, animal hair bristles tend to be more expensive. The creme de la creme, as far as that goes, is Kolinsky sable – This prime quality bristle is made from the coat of an animal native to Siberia – no doubt in that harsh climate it’s got to have a thick coat to survive, which is why so many artists prize this type of bristle. Other animal coats bristles, though, do make for quality brushes.
As far as texture goes, I prefer moderately stiff bristles. “Soft” bristles are best suited to using watercolors. as they will more easily handle delicate washes and subtleties. When I was working with oils, I liked bristles that were a little more stiff as I was doing a lot of blending. To this day, I have a mixture of synthetic and genuine animal hair bristle brushes that work with all my acrylics just fine.
I also like to have different bristle shapes – round, flat and a few liners, mainly. Now let’s have a look at the main types of bristle shapes:
Round brushes get their name as they are cylindrical in appearance if you look closely. They are good for small details, some shading and creating blends. They come in a range of sizes, as you can see here.
You’ll want to have three or four of these on hand as they will always have a use. The image you saw earlier with the anatomy labeled, is an example of a round brush.
I used to refer to these as “square” but they are called flat as this is how they are designed. Flat brushes are made for color blocking and larger details. It’s good to have at least three or four of these in varying sizes for your “main” colors. , backgrounds like the sky or trees and shrubbery, etc., just to give an example. In the image below you can see examples of brush sizes, also notice how each one has a small number on the handle. Which leads me to…
Brushes also come in different sizes – they are numbered with a range from 0 14. Don’t think you have to get one in every size and shape, it is best to start with the main bristle types and pick out a few,
A liner is a brush with narrow bristles that come to a point, you should have one of these, it will enable you to craft fine details on your pictures or projects. In my experience the liner is very essential, but it’s the hardest to keep clean and in shape.
I used to have a fan brush (probably still have it) for my classes, it’s made for intricate blending, They pretty much look like their name – fanned out bristle design. I always watched Bob Ross on the Joy of Painting use these for things like tree foliage. You may only need one of these – they do come in a few sizes though. If you plan to focus mainly on craft painting, you may not need one of these at all.
A mop brush is kind of reminiscent of a makeup brush used to apply blusher – kind of fluffy in appearance. In my opinion, you probably won’t need one of these, as they’re mainly used in watercolor washes. They could help you to apply some special effects – but I’ve found you can do that easily with a sponge applicator.
Now that I have de-mystified paintbrushes and their different styles and shapes, you should have a much easier time picking out some that will suit your intended purposes. At that point your next step will be choosing a good catch-all with which to store them in properly, which I will go over in this post. Be sure to check that article out as it will cover the best ways to keep your collection in tip top shape.
Hope you will find this article useful, and that I have helped you to “brush” up on your tools!